5 Steps to Detect and Manage a Heart Attack

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How to Treat Heart Disease: 15 Steps (with Pictures) - wikiHow

Get a pacemaker if necessary. A pacemaker is a small device inserted in your heart which corrects heart block, arrhythmia and, in some cases, congestive heart failure and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Find out the programmed upper and lower heart rate the pacemaker will pump at. Do not eat or drink anything before getting your pacemaker installed. If you detect a major down-tick in your heart rate, contact your doctor immediately. Avoid putting pressure on the area of your chest where your pacemaker was implanted.

There are several kinds of angioplasty, but all are useful procedures which open blocked arteries in your heart. Do not eat or drink the night before your angioplasty. Angioplasty usually takes one to three hours, but the recovery period might require you to stay overnight in the hospital. Let your doctor know if you are taking any other medications or drugs before getting an angioplasty. Take aspirin and relaxation medication provided by the doctor before getting your angioplasty. Talk to your doctor about getting a heart bypass if necessary.

What is a silent heart attack?

Heart bypass surgery, or coronary artery bypass grafting CABG , can help relieve your heart disease symptoms like chest pain and shortness of breath. Consider having a heart transplant. If your heart is severely damaged or medicine and other procedures have not worked well to treat your heart disease, you may require a heart transplant. You might get either orthotopic or a heterotopic transplant.

A orthotopic transplant is the most common form of heart transplant.

Heart Failure: Understanding Heart Failure: Management and Treatment

Your heart will be removed entirely and a new heart provided by a donor will be inserted into your chest. A heterotopic transplant — also called a piggyback transplant — leaves your heart in place but adds a second heart to the right side of your chest. This option is useful because it makes the new heart act as a backup when certain complications arise.

Recovery times vary from patient to patient and case to case.

Heart Attacks Have Beginnings

Part Two of Three: Losing Weight. Eat a healthy diet. Try to replace processed and junk foods like soda, cookies, and chips with fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and foods high in fiber. Replace fatty, greasy meat and fries with baked or grilled versions. For instance, instead of fried chicken, try baked or grilled chicken. However its best to avoid non vegetarian foods. Instead of fried potatoes, bake or grill them. High sugar intake can lead to diabetes, which in turn increases your risk of heart disease.

Reduce your sugar intake by limiting your consumption of pies, candy, sugary drinks, and sweet goods. Choose artificial sweeteners when available for coffee and tea.


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Talk to your physician about dietary changes that could be beneficial to you. Avoid eating meat. Red meat is especially high in carnitine, though it is present in other meats like fish and chicken as well. Eating another protein such as beans, tofu, or nuts at an appropriate level can provide you with all the protein you need. Begin eliminating meat from your diet by going one day without meat. When you are comfortable, continue to reduce your meat intake until you are at or below the recommended daily allotment for your age and weight. Processed meats — those which have undergone freezing, curing, grinding, or mixing, or those which include additives — are especially dangerous to heart health.

Get active. Being overweight can put you at increased risk for heart disease. In addition to eating a good diet, you should stay active and incorporate physical activity into your daily routine. Walk or ride your bike instead of driving. Take the stairs instead of elevator. Remember, every bit of exercise counts. In addition to daily physical activity, make time to work out.

Aim for about an hour of exercise each day. Calculate your body mass index BMI in order to determine if you are overweight. Stay focused when losing weight. Being overweight increases your risk of heart disease. Losing weight involves adjusting your diet and exercising, but you will need to stay on target to make your treatment last. Be realistic when losing weight.

Coupled with regular exercise, you should be able to lose one or two pounds each week.

How to Know if You are Having a Silent Heart Attack

Gain support from family and friends. Let them know that you are trying to reduce your risk of heart disease.

We are less likely to veer from the course we have decided on when we share our goals with others. If you know someone who thinks your heart disease is not a serious issue, or discourages you from changing your current unhealthy weight and eating habits, tell them that you value your health too much not to. Get eight hours of sleep each night. Getting enough sleep can reduce your risk of heart disease. While individual sleep requirements vary, you should always aim for about eight hours per night.

The light from these devices can interrupt your natural inclination to sleep at night. Set a regular bedtime for yourself to make it easier to fall asleep each night. Reduce stress in your life. While stress is not known to be a direct risk factor or cause of heart disease, it has been linked to unhealthy coping mechanisms which are known to increase risk for heart disease like smoking, drinking, and consuming unhealthy foods. In order to avoid these activities, it is best to reduce the stress which could lead to unhealthy coping mechanisms.

Watch funny movies with a friend or learn some humorous jokes you can share with someone close to you. Manage your time so that you are not rushed when trying to finish homework or projects at work. Study diligently for a few hours each day until the test day. Use a calendar to schedule time specifically intended for studying.

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Try de-stressing techniques like yoga, meditation, deep breathing, and regular exercise. Make time for yourself by sitting in a quiet place reading or listening to pleasant music, even if you only have time to do so for 20 to 30 minutes each day. Find ways to show gratitude and focus on positive experiences. Spend time with people you care about and who care about you.

Let them know you appreciate their company and are thankful they are in your life. The stages range from "high risk of developing heart failure" to "advanced heart failure," and provide treatment plans.


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Ask your healthcare provider what stage of heart failure you are in. As the condition gets worse, your heart muscle pumps less blood to your organs, and you move toward the next stage of heart failure. You cannot go backwards through the stages. For example, if you are in Stage B, you cannot be in Stage A again. The goal of treatment is to keep you from progressing through the stages or to slow down the progression.

Treatment at each stage of heart failure may involve changes to medications, lifestyle behaviors, and cardiac devices. You can compare your treatment plan with those listed for each stage of heart failure. The treatments listed are based on current treatment guidelines. The table outlines a basic plan of care that may apply to you. If you have any questions about any part of your treatment plan, ask a member of your healthcare team. Stage A is considered pre-heart failure.

It means you are at high risk of developing heart failure because you have a family history of heart failure or you have one of more of these medical conditions:. Stage B is considered pre-heart failure. It means you have been diagnosed with systolic left ventricular dysfunction but have never had symptoms of heart failure.

Patients with Stage C heart failure have been diagnosed with heart failure and have currently or had previously signs and symptoms of the condition. If treatment causes your symptoms to get better or stop, you still need to continue treatment to slow the progression to Stage D. This is the final stage of heart failure.

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